Tuberculosis screening in patients with HIV: use of audit and feedback to improve quality of care in Ghana

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Standard

Tuberculosis screening in patients with HIV : use of audit and feedback to improve quality of care in Ghana. / Bjerrum, Stephanie Mia Katrine; Bonsu, Frank; Hanson-Nortey, Nii Nortey; Kenu, Ernest; Johansen, Isik Somuncu; Andersen, Åse Bengård; Bjerrum, Lars; Jarbøl, Dorte; Munck, Anders.

In: Global Health Action, Vol. 9, 32390, 2016.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Bjerrum, SMK, Bonsu, F, Hanson-Nortey, NN, Kenu, E, Johansen, IS, Andersen, ÅB, Bjerrum, L, Jarbøl, D & Munck, A 2016, 'Tuberculosis screening in patients with HIV: use of audit and feedback to improve quality of care in Ghana', Global Health Action, vol. 9, 32390. https://doi.org/10.3402/gha.v9.32390

APA

Bjerrum, S. M. K., Bonsu, F., Hanson-Nortey, N. N., Kenu, E., Johansen, I. S., Andersen, Å. B., ... Munck, A. (2016). Tuberculosis screening in patients with HIV: use of audit and feedback to improve quality of care in Ghana. Global Health Action, 9, [32390]. https://doi.org/10.3402/gha.v9.32390

Vancouver

Bjerrum SMK, Bonsu F, Hanson-Nortey NN, Kenu E, Johansen IS, Andersen ÅB et al. Tuberculosis screening in patients with HIV: use of audit and feedback to improve quality of care in Ghana. Global Health Action. 2016;9. 32390. https://doi.org/10.3402/gha.v9.32390

Author

Bjerrum, Stephanie Mia Katrine ; Bonsu, Frank ; Hanson-Nortey, Nii Nortey ; Kenu, Ernest ; Johansen, Isik Somuncu ; Andersen, Åse Bengård ; Bjerrum, Lars ; Jarbøl, Dorte ; Munck, Anders. / Tuberculosis screening in patients with HIV : use of audit and feedback to improve quality of care in Ghana. In: Global Health Action. 2016 ; Vol. 9.

Bibtex

@article{985806da2a6c44a9b4698e82b7cfe54d,
title = "Tuberculosis screening in patients with HIV: use of audit and feedback to improve quality of care in Ghana",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis screening of people living with HIV (PLHIV) can contribute to early tuberculosis diagnosis and improved patient outcomes. Evidence-based guidelines for tuberculosis screening are available, but literature assessing their implementation and the quality of clinical practice is scarce.OBJECTIVES: To assess tuberculosis screening practices and the effectiveness of audit and performance feedback to improve quality of tuberculosis screening at HIV care clinics in Ghana.DESIGN: Healthcare providers at 10 large HIV care clinics prospectively registered patient consultations during May and October 2014, before and after a performance feedback intervention in August 2014. The outcomes of interest were overall tuberculosis suspicion rate during consultations and provider adherence to the International Standards for Tuberculosis Care and the World Health Organizations' guidelines for symptom-based tuberculosis screening among PLHIV.RESULTS: Twenty-one healthcare providers registered a total of 2,666 consultations; 1,368 consultations before and 1,298 consultations after the feedback intervention. Tuberculosis suspicion rate during consultation increased from 12.6 to 20.9{\%} after feedback (odds ratio, OR 1.83; 95{\%} confidence interval, CI: 1.09-3.09). Before feedback, sputum smear microscopy was requested for 58.7{\%} of patients with suspected tuberculosis, for 47.2{\%} of patients with cough ≥2 weeks, and for 27.5{\%} of patients with a positive World Health Organization (WHO) symptom screen (any of current cough, fever, weight loss or night sweats). After feedback, patients with a positive WHO symptom screen were more likely to be suspected of tuberculosis (OR 2.21; 95{\%} CI: 1.19-4.09) and referred for microscopy (OR 2.71; 95{\%} CI: 1.25-5.86).CONCLUSIONS: A simple prospective audit tool identified flaws in clinical practices for tuberculosis screening of PLHIV. There was no systematic identification of people with suspected active tuberculosis. We found low initial tuberculosis suspicion rate compounded by low referral rates of relevant patients for sputum smear microscopy. Adherence to recommended standards and guidelines for tuberculosis screening improved after performance feedback.",
author = "Bjerrum, {Stephanie Mia Katrine} and Frank Bonsu and Hanson-Nortey, {Nii Nortey} and Ernest Kenu and Johansen, {Isik Somuncu} and Andersen, {{\AA}se Beng{\aa}rd} and Lars Bjerrum and Dorte Jarb{\o}l and Anders Munck",
year = "2016",
doi = "10.3402/gha.v9.32390",
language = "English",
volume = "9",
journal = "Global Health Action",
issn = "1654-9880",
publisher = "Co-Action Publishing",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Tuberculosis screening in patients with HIV

T2 - use of audit and feedback to improve quality of care in Ghana

AU - Bjerrum, Stephanie Mia Katrine

AU - Bonsu, Frank

AU - Hanson-Nortey, Nii Nortey

AU - Kenu, Ernest

AU - Johansen, Isik Somuncu

AU - Andersen, Åse Bengård

AU - Bjerrum, Lars

AU - Jarbøl, Dorte

AU - Munck, Anders

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis screening of people living with HIV (PLHIV) can contribute to early tuberculosis diagnosis and improved patient outcomes. Evidence-based guidelines for tuberculosis screening are available, but literature assessing their implementation and the quality of clinical practice is scarce.OBJECTIVES: To assess tuberculosis screening practices and the effectiveness of audit and performance feedback to improve quality of tuberculosis screening at HIV care clinics in Ghana.DESIGN: Healthcare providers at 10 large HIV care clinics prospectively registered patient consultations during May and October 2014, before and after a performance feedback intervention in August 2014. The outcomes of interest were overall tuberculosis suspicion rate during consultations and provider adherence to the International Standards for Tuberculosis Care and the World Health Organizations' guidelines for symptom-based tuberculosis screening among PLHIV.RESULTS: Twenty-one healthcare providers registered a total of 2,666 consultations; 1,368 consultations before and 1,298 consultations after the feedback intervention. Tuberculosis suspicion rate during consultation increased from 12.6 to 20.9% after feedback (odds ratio, OR 1.83; 95% confidence interval, CI: 1.09-3.09). Before feedback, sputum smear microscopy was requested for 58.7% of patients with suspected tuberculosis, for 47.2% of patients with cough ≥2 weeks, and for 27.5% of patients with a positive World Health Organization (WHO) symptom screen (any of current cough, fever, weight loss or night sweats). After feedback, patients with a positive WHO symptom screen were more likely to be suspected of tuberculosis (OR 2.21; 95% CI: 1.19-4.09) and referred for microscopy (OR 2.71; 95% CI: 1.25-5.86).CONCLUSIONS: A simple prospective audit tool identified flaws in clinical practices for tuberculosis screening of PLHIV. There was no systematic identification of people with suspected active tuberculosis. We found low initial tuberculosis suspicion rate compounded by low referral rates of relevant patients for sputum smear microscopy. Adherence to recommended standards and guidelines for tuberculosis screening improved after performance feedback.

AB - BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis screening of people living with HIV (PLHIV) can contribute to early tuberculosis diagnosis and improved patient outcomes. Evidence-based guidelines for tuberculosis screening are available, but literature assessing their implementation and the quality of clinical practice is scarce.OBJECTIVES: To assess tuberculosis screening practices and the effectiveness of audit and performance feedback to improve quality of tuberculosis screening at HIV care clinics in Ghana.DESIGN: Healthcare providers at 10 large HIV care clinics prospectively registered patient consultations during May and October 2014, before and after a performance feedback intervention in August 2014. The outcomes of interest were overall tuberculosis suspicion rate during consultations and provider adherence to the International Standards for Tuberculosis Care and the World Health Organizations' guidelines for symptom-based tuberculosis screening among PLHIV.RESULTS: Twenty-one healthcare providers registered a total of 2,666 consultations; 1,368 consultations before and 1,298 consultations after the feedback intervention. Tuberculosis suspicion rate during consultation increased from 12.6 to 20.9% after feedback (odds ratio, OR 1.83; 95% confidence interval, CI: 1.09-3.09). Before feedback, sputum smear microscopy was requested for 58.7% of patients with suspected tuberculosis, for 47.2% of patients with cough ≥2 weeks, and for 27.5% of patients with a positive World Health Organization (WHO) symptom screen (any of current cough, fever, weight loss or night sweats). After feedback, patients with a positive WHO symptom screen were more likely to be suspected of tuberculosis (OR 2.21; 95% CI: 1.19-4.09) and referred for microscopy (OR 2.71; 95% CI: 1.25-5.86).CONCLUSIONS: A simple prospective audit tool identified flaws in clinical practices for tuberculosis screening of PLHIV. There was no systematic identification of people with suspected active tuberculosis. We found low initial tuberculosis suspicion rate compounded by low referral rates of relevant patients for sputum smear microscopy. Adherence to recommended standards and guidelines for tuberculosis screening improved after performance feedback.

U2 - 10.3402/gha.v9.32390

DO - 10.3402/gha.v9.32390

M3 - Journal article

VL - 9

JO - Global Health Action

JF - Global Health Action

SN - 1654-9880

M1 - 32390

ER -

ID: 165878236