Use of Antibiotics in Children: A Danish Nationwide Drug Utilization Study

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Standard

Use of Antibiotics in Children : A Danish Nationwide Drug Utilization Study. / Pottegård, Anton; Broe, Anne; Aabenhus, Rune; Bjerrum, Lars; Hallas, Jesper; Damkier, Per.

In: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal, Vol. 34, No. 2, 02.2015, p. e16–e22.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Pottegård, A, Broe, A, Aabenhus, R, Bjerrum, L, Hallas, J & Damkier, P 2015, 'Use of Antibiotics in Children: A Danish Nationwide Drug Utilization Study', The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal, vol. 34, no. 2, pp. e16–e22. https://doi.org/10.1097/INF.0000000000000519

APA

Pottegård, A., Broe, A., Aabenhus, R., Bjerrum, L., Hallas, J., & Damkier, P. (2015). Use of Antibiotics in Children: A Danish Nationwide Drug Utilization Study. The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal, 34(2), e16–e22. https://doi.org/10.1097/INF.0000000000000519

Vancouver

Pottegård A, Broe A, Aabenhus R, Bjerrum L, Hallas J, Damkier P. Use of Antibiotics in Children: A Danish Nationwide Drug Utilization Study. The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal. 2015 Feb;34(2):e16–e22. https://doi.org/10.1097/INF.0000000000000519

Author

Pottegård, Anton ; Broe, Anne ; Aabenhus, Rune ; Bjerrum, Lars ; Hallas, Jesper ; Damkier, Per. / Use of Antibiotics in Children : A Danish Nationwide Drug Utilization Study. In: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal. 2015 ; Vol. 34, No. 2. pp. e16–e22.

Bibtex

@article{859ecc203a5b42898ea6b741bfcd6d7f,
title = "Use of Antibiotics in Children: A Danish Nationwide Drug Utilization Study",
abstract = "Background: We aimed to describe the use of systemic antibiotics among children in Denmark.Methods: National data on drug use in Denmark were extracted from the Danish National Prescription Database. We used prescription data for all children in Denmark aged 0 to 11 years from January 1, 2000 to December 31, 2012.Results: We obtained data on 5,884,301 prescriptions for systemic antibiotics issued to 1,206,107 children. The most used single substances were phenoxymethylpenicillin (45{\%}), amoxicillin (34{\%}) and erythromycin (6{\%}). The highest incidence rate of antibiotic treatment episodes was observed among children younger than 2 at 827 per 1000 children in 2012. Incidence rates were relatively stable throughout the study period. One-year prevalences in 2012 were 485, 363 and 190 per 1000 children among children aged 0–1, 2–4 and 5–11, respectively. A gradual shift from narrow-spectrum penicillin V to the broader-spectrum amoxicillin was found among children younger than 5. The use of macrolides decreased slightly, especially among those aged 0–1. Minor regional differences were noted, with somewhat higher use in the Capital Region. Skewness in use was most notable among those aged 0–1. There was little evidence of heavy users.Conclusion: Prescribing rate of antibiotics to children in Denmark remained stable at a high level from 2000 to 2012. An increase in the use of broad-spectrum beta-lactam penicillin was noted, but otherwise the prescribing pattern adhered well to National guidelines with respect to choice of antibiotics.",
keywords = "Antibiotics, Drug Utilization, semrap-2014-3, utilization",
author = "Anton Potteg{\aa}rd and Anne Broe and Rune Aabenhus and Lars Bjerrum and Jesper Hallas and Per Damkier",
year = "2015",
month = "2",
doi = "10.1097/INF.0000000000000519",
language = "English",
volume = "34",
pages = "e16–e22",
journal = "Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal",
issn = "0891-3668",
publisher = "Lippincott Williams & Wilkins",
number = "2",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Use of Antibiotics in Children

T2 - A Danish Nationwide Drug Utilization Study

AU - Pottegård, Anton

AU - Broe, Anne

AU - Aabenhus, Rune

AU - Bjerrum, Lars

AU - Hallas, Jesper

AU - Damkier, Per

PY - 2015/2

Y1 - 2015/2

N2 - Background: We aimed to describe the use of systemic antibiotics among children in Denmark.Methods: National data on drug use in Denmark were extracted from the Danish National Prescription Database. We used prescription data for all children in Denmark aged 0 to 11 years from January 1, 2000 to December 31, 2012.Results: We obtained data on 5,884,301 prescriptions for systemic antibiotics issued to 1,206,107 children. The most used single substances were phenoxymethylpenicillin (45%), amoxicillin (34%) and erythromycin (6%). The highest incidence rate of antibiotic treatment episodes was observed among children younger than 2 at 827 per 1000 children in 2012. Incidence rates were relatively stable throughout the study period. One-year prevalences in 2012 were 485, 363 and 190 per 1000 children among children aged 0–1, 2–4 and 5–11, respectively. A gradual shift from narrow-spectrum penicillin V to the broader-spectrum amoxicillin was found among children younger than 5. The use of macrolides decreased slightly, especially among those aged 0–1. Minor regional differences were noted, with somewhat higher use in the Capital Region. Skewness in use was most notable among those aged 0–1. There was little evidence of heavy users.Conclusion: Prescribing rate of antibiotics to children in Denmark remained stable at a high level from 2000 to 2012. An increase in the use of broad-spectrum beta-lactam penicillin was noted, but otherwise the prescribing pattern adhered well to National guidelines with respect to choice of antibiotics.

AB - Background: We aimed to describe the use of systemic antibiotics among children in Denmark.Methods: National data on drug use in Denmark were extracted from the Danish National Prescription Database. We used prescription data for all children in Denmark aged 0 to 11 years from January 1, 2000 to December 31, 2012.Results: We obtained data on 5,884,301 prescriptions for systemic antibiotics issued to 1,206,107 children. The most used single substances were phenoxymethylpenicillin (45%), amoxicillin (34%) and erythromycin (6%). The highest incidence rate of antibiotic treatment episodes was observed among children younger than 2 at 827 per 1000 children in 2012. Incidence rates were relatively stable throughout the study period. One-year prevalences in 2012 were 485, 363 and 190 per 1000 children among children aged 0–1, 2–4 and 5–11, respectively. A gradual shift from narrow-spectrum penicillin V to the broader-spectrum amoxicillin was found among children younger than 5. The use of macrolides decreased slightly, especially among those aged 0–1. Minor regional differences were noted, with somewhat higher use in the Capital Region. Skewness in use was most notable among those aged 0–1. There was little evidence of heavy users.Conclusion: Prescribing rate of antibiotics to children in Denmark remained stable at a high level from 2000 to 2012. An increase in the use of broad-spectrum beta-lactam penicillin was noted, but otherwise the prescribing pattern adhered well to National guidelines with respect to choice of antibiotics.

KW - Antibiotics

KW - Drug Utilization

KW - semrap-2014-3

KW - utilization

U2 - 10.1097/INF.0000000000000519

DO - 10.1097/INF.0000000000000519

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 25144795

VL - 34

SP - e16–e22

JO - Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal

JF - Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal

SN - 0891-3668

IS - 2

ER -

ID: 162905718