Vitamin D concentrations from neonatal dried blood spots and the risk of early-onset type 2 diabetes in the Danish D-tect case-cohort study

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AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: The aim of this study was to examine the influence of neonatal vitamin D concentration on the development of early-onset type 2 diabetes in a large population sample.

METHODS: We conducted a case-cohort study utilising data from the Danish biobank and registers. Neonatal vitamin D was assessed measuring 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 [25(OH)D3] concentrations on the dried blood spot samples from the Biological Specimen Bank for Neonatal Screening. Cases of type 2 diabetes (n = 731) were retrieved from the Danish National Patient Register for all individuals born in Denmark between 1 May 1981 and 31 December 1992. The sub-cohort (n = 1765) was randomly selected from all children born in the same period. We used a weighted Cox proportional hazard model assessing the hazard of first type 2 diabetes diagnoses by quintiles of 25(OH)D3 and restricted cubic spline.

RESULTS: The median 25(OH)D3 concentration (IQR) among cases was 21.3 nmol/l (13.3-34.1) and 23.9 nmol/l (13.7-35.7) in the sub-cohort. There was no indication of a potential lower risk of early-onset type 2 diabetes among individuals in the higher quintile of vitamin D concentration compared with the lowest (HRcrude 0.97 [95% CI 0.71, 1.33] p = 0.85; HRadjusted 1.29 [95% CI 0.92, 1.83] p = 0.14).

CONCLUSIONS/INTERPRETATION: The results of this study do not support the hypothesis that higher neonatal vitamin D concentrations are associated with a lower risk of early-onset type 2 diabetes in adulthood.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1572–1582
Publication statusPublished - 2021

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