Accuracy of Continuous Glucose Monitoring Measurements in Normo-Glycemic Individuals

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abimbola A Akintola, Raymond Noordam, Steffy W Jansen, Anton J de Craen, Bart E Ballieux, Christa M Cobbaert, Simon P Mooijaart, Hanno Pijl, Rudi G Westendorp, Diana van Heemst

BACKGROUND: The validity of continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) is well established in diabetic patients. CGM is also increasingly used for research purposes in normo-glycemic individuals, but the CGM validity in such individuals is unknown. We studied the accuracy of CGM measurements in normo-glycemic individuals by comparing CGM-derived versus venous blood-derived glucose levels and measures of glycemia and glycemic variability.

METHODS: In 34 healthy participants (mean age 65.7 years), glucose was simultaneously measured every 10 minutes, via both an Enlite® CGM sensor, and in venous blood sampled over a 24-hour period. Validity of CGM-derived individual glucose measurements, calculated measures of glycemia over daytime (09:00h-23:00h) and nighttime (23:00h-09:00h), and calculated measures of glycemic variability (e.g. 24h standard deviation [SD]) were assessed by Pearson correlation coefficients, mean absolute relative difference (MARD) and paired t-tests.

RESULTS: The median correlation coefficient between CGM and venous glucose measurements per participant was 0.68 (interquartile range: 0.40-0.78), and the MARD was 17.6% (SD = 17%). Compared with venous sampling, the calculated measure of glycemia during daytime was 0.22 mmol/L higher when derived from CGM, but no difference was observed during nighttime. Most measures of glycemic variability were lower with CGM than with venous blood sampling (e.g., 24h SD: 1.07 with CGM and 1.26 with venous blood; p-value = 0.004).

CONCLUSION: In normo-glycemic individuals, CGM-derived glucose measurements had good agreement with venous glucose levels. However, the measure of glycemia was higher during the day and most measures of glycemic variability were lower when derived from CGM.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0139973
JournalPloS one
Issue number10
Pages (from-to)1-13
Number of pages13
Publication statusPublished - 7 Oct 2015

ID: 146206966