Estimation of immune complexes by a microplate-adapted C1q-Protein A enzyme-linked-immunosorbent-assay (C1q-PA-ELISA)

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A microplate-adapted enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for detection of C1q-binding immune complexes (IC) and aggregated IgG (delta IgG) is described. Purified human C1q was adsorbed to the wells of flat-bottomed microtiter plates and EDTA-treated serum samples were subsequently introduced. Bound IC was measured by use of alkaline phosphatase-labelled Protein A followed by the substrate para-nitro-phenyl-phosphate. A dose response was found for both delta IgG and BSA anti-BSA complexes, while variations in the concentration of monomer IgG did not affect the optical density. Elevated levels of IC were found in the majority of sera from patients with rheumatoid arthritis and SLE. The described C1q-PA-ELISA is a simple and inexpensive method for detection of C1q-binding immune complexes. The reproducibility is acceptable and the sensitivity is higher than for most IC-methods based on C1q-binding.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Clinical & Laboratory Immunology
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)53-58
Number of pages5
Publication statusPublished - 1983
Externally publishedYes

ID: 18686296