Examining extended human leukocyte antigen-G and HLA-F haplotypes: the HLA-G UTR-4 haplotype is associated with shorter time to pregnancy in an infertility treatment setting when both female and male partners are carriers

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Objective: To study the impact of extended human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-G and HLA-F haplotypes on time to pregnancy as measured by the number of treatment cycles in a cohort of couples in infertility treatment. Design: Prospective cohort study of couples undergoing infertility treatment. Setting: University hospital. Patient(s): A cohort of 127 couples and four single women in infertility treatment. Intervention(s): Next-generation sequencing of the HLA-G gene and genotyping of three HLA-F locus single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). Main Outcome Measure(s): Extended HLA-F.HLA-G haplotypes, HLA-G promoter haplotypes and HLA-G 3′UTR haplotypes and their association with time to pregnancy as measured by number of treatment cycles until achievement of pregnancy with a live birth. Linkage disequilibrium between HLA-G variations and three HLA-F locus SNPs that impact time to pregnancy. Result(s): The effect of the HLA-G 3′UTR haplotype, UTR-4, was significantly increased, or modified, if the partner was a carrier compared to being a noncarrier. Extended HLA-F.HLA-G haplotypes, HLA-G promoter haplotypes, and the HLA-G 14 bp indel of the female partners were not associated with time to pregnancy. However, a trend for an association of the HLA-G 14bp insertion allele with a higher frequency of miscarriage than the 14bp deletion allele was observed. Certain HLA-G variations are in linkage disequilibrium with three HLA-F locus SNPs that influence time to pregnancy. Conclusion(s): HLA-G UTR-4 is significantly associated with time to pregnancy in couples undergoing infertility treatment. The findings could imply that both male and female HLA class Ib genetics have clinical relevance in reproduction.

Original languageEnglish
JournalFertility and Sterility
Issue number3
Pages (from-to)628-639
Number of pages12
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2020

    Research areas

  • assisted reproduction technologies, gene variation, HLA-F, HLA-G, Infertility

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