Intelligensdefekter som senfølge af prænatal eksposition for phenobarbital - Fenemal
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Two double-blind studies were conducted on two independent samples of adult men prenatally exposed to phenobarbital and matched control samples using two different measures of general intelligence (WAIS and a draft board test (BPP)). The two studies included 33 and 81 exposed adult men respectively, and the two control groups included 52 and 101 unexposed men matched on a wide spectrum of maternal variables recorded pre- and perinatally. Based on data from control subjects, regression models were built relating intelligence scores to relevant preexposure matching variables. Models generated predicted scores for each exposed subject. Men exposed prenatally to phenobarbital had significantly lower verbal intelligence scores than predicted. Lower socioeconomic status and being the offspring of an unwanted pregnancy increased the magnitude of the negative effects. Exposure which includes the last trimester was the most detrimental. Physicians are urged to use increased caution in prescribing such medications during pregnancy or to premature neonates.
|Translated title of the contribution||Effects of prenatal exposure to phenobarbital on adult intelligence|
|Journal||Ugeskrift for Laeger|
|Number of pages||6|
|Publication status||Published - 1996|