Smoking and drinking as risk indicators for tooth loss in middle-aged Danes

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Douglas E Morse, Kirsten Avlund, Lisa Bøge Christensen, Nils-Erik Fiehn, Drude Molbo, Palle Holmstrup, Johanne Kongstad, Erik Lykke Mortensen, Poul Holm-Pedersen

OBJECTIVES: To investigate tobacco and alcohol consumption as risk indicators for missing teeth in late middle-aged Danes.
METHOD: In all, 1,517 Copenhagen Aging and Midlife Biobank (CAMB) participants received a clinical oral examination that included number of teeth. Information on smoking, drinking, and various covariates was obtained using self-administered, structured questionnaires. Descriptive statistics and logistic regression (dependent variable: 6+ vs. <6 missing teeth) were used to investigate smoking and drinking in relation to missing teeth.
RESULTS: Current smokers, persons who currently or previously smoked >15 tobacco units/day, and persons who had smoked for 27+ years had elevated mean scores of missing teeth and associated odds ratios (OR) compared with never smokers. Relative to nondrinkers, alcohol consumption was associated with reduced odds of missing 6+ teeth.
DISCUSSION: Our findings suggest that smoking is positively associated, while alcoholic beverage consumption is inversely related to tooth loss in middle-aged Danes.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Aging and Health
Volume26
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)54-71
Number of pages18
ISSN0898-2643
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2014

    Research areas

  • Alcohol Drinking, Cohort Studies, Denmark, Female, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Questionnaires, Risk Factors, Smoking, Tooth Loss

ID: 134884490