Parental cardiovascular disease and cardiovascular disease risk factors in the offspring: The Diet, Cancer and Health cohorts

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BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) aggregates in families and offspring with parental CVD may have adverse risk factor levels long time before the potential onset of CVD. We compared risk factor levels in offspring of parents with atherosclerotic CVD (ASCVD) and parents with no ASCVD at different parental ages at onset.

METHODS: The study included 5751 participants (median age: 50 years) of the Diet, Cancer and Health - Next Generations study. Measurements included blood pressure, body composition and lipid fractions. Information on parental ASCVD and age at disease onset was obtained through register linkage. Parental ASCVD was defined as myocardial infarction, ischemic stroke or peripheral artery disease occurring <70 years, prematurely (mothers: <65 years fathers: <55 years), divided into age categories or using a broader classification of CVD. Linear regression models using Generalized Estimating Equations were used for analysis. Analyses were adjusted for age, sex, education, smoking, alcohol intake, physical activity and some additionally for BMI.

RESULTS: Offspring with parental ASCVD had a higher blood pressure, waist circumference, BMI, visceral adipose tissue, percentage of body fat and non-HDL cholesterol levels, but not other lipid levels, compared to offspring with no parental ASCVD (all p < 0.01). Overall, the same patterns were observed for parental ASCVD occurring prematurely and using a broader CVD classification.

CONCLUSIONS: Offspring with parental ASCVD had a higher blood pressure, higher body composition measures and higher non-HDL cholesterol levels compared to offspring with no parental ASCVD. Findings were overall consistent across different classifications of parental ASCVD.

Original languageEnglish
Article number117406
Number of pages9
Publication statusPublished - 2024

Bibliographical note

Copyright © 2023 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

    Research areas

  • Female, Humans, Middle Aged, Cardiovascular Diseases/diagnosis, Risk Factors, Parents, Hypertension/complications, Diet/adverse effects, Cholesterol, Neoplasms/epidemiology

ID: 381458641