Air pollution and symptoms of depression in elderly adults

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Documents

  • Lim, Youn-Hee
  • Ho Kim
  • Jin Hee Kim
  • Sanghyuk Bae
  • Hye Yin Park
  • Yun-Chul Hong

BACKGROUND: Although the effect of air pollution on various diseases has been extensively investigated, few studies have examined its effect on depression.

OBJECTIVES: We investigated the effect of air pollution on symptoms of depression in an elderly population.

METHODS: We enrolled 537 participants in the study who regularly visited a community center for the elderly located in Seoul, Korea. The Korean version of the Geriatric Depression Scale-Short Form (SGDS-K) was used to evaluate depressive symptomatology during a 3-year follow-up study. We associated ambient air pollutants with SGDS-K results using generalized estimating equations (GEE). We also conducted a factor analysis with items on the SGDS-K to determine which symptoms were associated with air pollution.

RESULTS: SGDS-K scores were positively associated with interquartile range (IQR) increases in the 3-day moving average concentration of particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter ≤ 10 μm (PM10) [17.0% increase in SGDS-K score, 95% confidence interval (CI): 4.9%, 30.5%], the 0-7 day moving average of nitrogen dioxide [NO2; 32.8% (95% CI: 12.6%, 56.6%)], and the 3-day moving average of ozone [O3; 43.7% (95% CI: 11.5%, 85.2%)]. For these three pollutants, factor analysis showed that air pollution was more strongly associated with emotional symptoms such as feeling happy and satisfied than with somatic or affective symptoms.

CONCLUSIONS: Our study suggests that increases in PM10, NO2, and O3 may increase depressive symptoms among the elderly. Of the symptoms evaluated, ambient air pollution was most strongly associated with emotional symptoms.

Original languageEnglish
JournalEnvironmental Health Perspectives
Volume120
Issue number7
Pages (from-to)1023-1028
Number of pages6
ISSN0091-6765
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012
Externally publishedYes

    Research areas

  • Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Air Pollution/adverse effects, Depressive Disorder/epidemiology, Female, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Nitrogen Dioxide/toxicity, Ozone/toxicity, Particulate Matter/toxicity

ID: 230072217