DNA damage and repair activity after broccoli intake in young healthy smokers

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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DNA damage and repair activity after broccoli intake in young healthy smokers. / Riso, Patrizia; Martini, Daniela; Møller, Peter; Loft, Steffen; Bonacina, Gaia; Moro, Massimo; Porrini, Marisa.

In: Mutagenesis, Vol. 25, No. 6, 2010, p. 595-602.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Riso, P, Martini, D, Møller, P, Loft, S, Bonacina, G, Moro, M & Porrini, M 2010, 'DNA damage and repair activity after broccoli intake in young healthy smokers', Mutagenesis, vol. 25, no. 6, pp. 595-602. https://doi.org/10.1093/mutage/geq045

APA

Riso, P., Martini, D., Møller, P., Loft, S., Bonacina, G., Moro, M., & Porrini, M. (2010). DNA damage and repair activity after broccoli intake in young healthy smokers. Mutagenesis, 25(6), 595-602. https://doi.org/10.1093/mutage/geq045

Vancouver

Riso P, Martini D, Møller P, Loft S, Bonacina G, Moro M et al. DNA damage and repair activity after broccoli intake in young healthy smokers. Mutagenesis. 2010;25(6):595-602. https://doi.org/10.1093/mutage/geq045

Author

Riso, Patrizia ; Martini, Daniela ; Møller, Peter ; Loft, Steffen ; Bonacina, Gaia ; Moro, Massimo ; Porrini, Marisa. / DNA damage and repair activity after broccoli intake in young healthy smokers. In: Mutagenesis. 2010 ; Vol. 25, No. 6. pp. 595-602.

Bibtex

@article{8cf1bb10e80f11dfb6d2000ea68e967b,
title = "DNA damage and repair activity after broccoli intake in young healthy smokers",
abstract = "Cruciferous vegetables contain compounds with antioxidant properties (e.g. carotenoids, vitamin C and folates) and can alter the activity of xenobiotic metabolism (i.e. isothiocyanates). These constituents may be particularly important for subjects who are exposed to free radicals and genotoxic compounds, including smokers. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of broccoli intake on biomarkers of DNA damage and repair. Twenty-seven young healthy smokers consumed a portion of steamed broccoli (250 g/day) or a control diet for 10 days each within a crossover design with a washout period. Blood was collected before and after each period. The level of oxidatively damaged DNA lesions (formamidopyrimidine DNA glycosylase-sensitive sites), resistance to ex vivo H(2)O(2) treatment and repair of oxidised DNA lesions were measured in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs). We also measured mRNA expression levels of repair and defence enzymes: 8-oxoguanine DNA glycosylase (OGG1), nucleoside diphosphate linked moiety X-type motif 1 (NUDT1) and heme oxygenase 1 (HO-1). After broccoli consumption, the level of oxidised DNA lesions decreased by 41{\%} (95{\%} confidence interval: 10{\%}, 72{\%}) and the resistance to H(2)O(2)-induced DNA strand breaks increased by 23{\%} (95{\%} CI: 13{\%}, 34{\%}). Following broccoli intake, a higher protection was observed in subjects with glutathione S-transferase (GST) M1-null genotype. The expression level and activity of repair enzymes was unaltered. In conclusion, broccoli intake was associated with increased protection against H(2)O(2)-induced DNA strand breaks and lower levels of oxidised DNA bases in PBMCs from smokers. This protective effect could be related to an overall improved antioxidant status.",
author = "Patrizia Riso and Daniela Martini and Peter M{\o}ller and Steffen Loft and Gaia Bonacina and Massimo Moro and Marisa Porrini",
year = "2010",
doi = "10.1093/mutage/geq045",
language = "English",
volume = "25",
pages = "595--602",
journal = "Mutagenesis",
issn = "0267-8357",
publisher = "Oxford University Press",
number = "6",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - DNA damage and repair activity after broccoli intake in young healthy smokers

AU - Riso, Patrizia

AU - Martini, Daniela

AU - Møller, Peter

AU - Loft, Steffen

AU - Bonacina, Gaia

AU - Moro, Massimo

AU - Porrini, Marisa

PY - 2010

Y1 - 2010

N2 - Cruciferous vegetables contain compounds with antioxidant properties (e.g. carotenoids, vitamin C and folates) and can alter the activity of xenobiotic metabolism (i.e. isothiocyanates). These constituents may be particularly important for subjects who are exposed to free radicals and genotoxic compounds, including smokers. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of broccoli intake on biomarkers of DNA damage and repair. Twenty-seven young healthy smokers consumed a portion of steamed broccoli (250 g/day) or a control diet for 10 days each within a crossover design with a washout period. Blood was collected before and after each period. The level of oxidatively damaged DNA lesions (formamidopyrimidine DNA glycosylase-sensitive sites), resistance to ex vivo H(2)O(2) treatment and repair of oxidised DNA lesions were measured in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs). We also measured mRNA expression levels of repair and defence enzymes: 8-oxoguanine DNA glycosylase (OGG1), nucleoside diphosphate linked moiety X-type motif 1 (NUDT1) and heme oxygenase 1 (HO-1). After broccoli consumption, the level of oxidised DNA lesions decreased by 41% (95% confidence interval: 10%, 72%) and the resistance to H(2)O(2)-induced DNA strand breaks increased by 23% (95% CI: 13%, 34%). Following broccoli intake, a higher protection was observed in subjects with glutathione S-transferase (GST) M1-null genotype. The expression level and activity of repair enzymes was unaltered. In conclusion, broccoli intake was associated with increased protection against H(2)O(2)-induced DNA strand breaks and lower levels of oxidised DNA bases in PBMCs from smokers. This protective effect could be related to an overall improved antioxidant status.

AB - Cruciferous vegetables contain compounds with antioxidant properties (e.g. carotenoids, vitamin C and folates) and can alter the activity of xenobiotic metabolism (i.e. isothiocyanates). These constituents may be particularly important for subjects who are exposed to free radicals and genotoxic compounds, including smokers. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of broccoli intake on biomarkers of DNA damage and repair. Twenty-seven young healthy smokers consumed a portion of steamed broccoli (250 g/day) or a control diet for 10 days each within a crossover design with a washout period. Blood was collected before and after each period. The level of oxidatively damaged DNA lesions (formamidopyrimidine DNA glycosylase-sensitive sites), resistance to ex vivo H(2)O(2) treatment and repair of oxidised DNA lesions were measured in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs). We also measured mRNA expression levels of repair and defence enzymes: 8-oxoguanine DNA glycosylase (OGG1), nucleoside diphosphate linked moiety X-type motif 1 (NUDT1) and heme oxygenase 1 (HO-1). After broccoli consumption, the level of oxidised DNA lesions decreased by 41% (95% confidence interval: 10%, 72%) and the resistance to H(2)O(2)-induced DNA strand breaks increased by 23% (95% CI: 13%, 34%). Following broccoli intake, a higher protection was observed in subjects with glutathione S-transferase (GST) M1-null genotype. The expression level and activity of repair enzymes was unaltered. In conclusion, broccoli intake was associated with increased protection against H(2)O(2)-induced DNA strand breaks and lower levels of oxidised DNA bases in PBMCs from smokers. This protective effect could be related to an overall improved antioxidant status.

U2 - 10.1093/mutage/geq045

DO - 10.1093/mutage/geq045

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 20713433

VL - 25

SP - 595

EP - 602

JO - Mutagenesis

JF - Mutagenesis

SN - 0267-8357

IS - 6

ER -

ID: 22929839