Electroconvulsive stimulation results in long-term survival of newly generated hippocampal neurons in rats

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Electroconvulsive stimulation results in long-term survival of newly generated hippocampal neurons in rats. / Olesen, Mikkel Vestergaard; Wörtwein, Gitta; Folke, Jonas; Pakkenberg, Bente.

In: Hippocampus, Vol. 27, No. 1, 01.2017, p. 52-60.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Harvard

Olesen, MV, Wörtwein, G, Folke, J & Pakkenberg, B 2017, 'Electroconvulsive stimulation results in long-term survival of newly generated hippocampal neurons in rats', Hippocampus, vol. 27, no. 1, pp. 52-60. https://doi.org/10.1002/hipo.22670

APA

Olesen, M. V., Wörtwein, G., Folke, J., & Pakkenberg, B. (2017). Electroconvulsive stimulation results in long-term survival of newly generated hippocampal neurons in rats. Hippocampus, 27(1), 52-60. https://doi.org/10.1002/hipo.22670

Vancouver

Olesen MV, Wörtwein G, Folke J, Pakkenberg B. Electroconvulsive stimulation results in long-term survival of newly generated hippocampal neurons in rats. Hippocampus. 2017 Jan;27(1):52-60. https://doi.org/10.1002/hipo.22670

Author

Olesen, Mikkel Vestergaard ; Wörtwein, Gitta ; Folke, Jonas ; Pakkenberg, Bente. / Electroconvulsive stimulation results in long-term survival of newly generated hippocampal neurons in rats. In: Hippocampus. 2017 ; Vol. 27, No. 1. pp. 52-60.

Bibtex

@article{cc80bbe303884036b354128699a1e3cb,
title = "Electroconvulsive stimulation results in long-term survival of newly generated hippocampal neurons in rats",
abstract = "Electroconvulsive stimulation (ECS) is one of the strongest stimulators of hippocampal neurogenesis in rodents that represents a plausible mechanism for the efficacy of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) in major depressive disorder. Using design-based stereological cell counting, we recently documented an initial 2.6-fold increase in neurogenesis following a clinical relevant schedule of ECS, a treatment also rescuing depression-like behavior in rats. However, these results gave no demonstration of the longevity of newly generated neurons. The present study is a direct continuation of the previous work aiming to test the hypothesis that rats subjected to ECS in combination with chronic restraint stress (CRS) display increased formation of new hippocampal neurons, which have a potential for long-term survival. Furthermore, using mediation analysis, we tested if an ECS-induced increase in neurogenesis facilitates the behavioral outcome of the forced swim test (FST), an animal model of depression. The results showed that ECS in conjunction with CRS stimulates hippocampal neurogenesis, and that a significant quantity of the newly formed hippocampal neurons survives up to 12 months. The new BrdU-positive neurons showed time-dependent attrition of ∼40{\%} from day 1 to 3 months, with no further decline between 3 and 12 months. ECS did not affect the number of pre-existing dentate granule neurons or the volume of the dentate granule cell layer, suggesting no damaging effect of the treatment. Finally, we found that, while ECS increases neurogenesis, this formation of new neurons was not associated to ameliorated immobility in the FST. This implies that other ECS-induced effects than neurogenesis must be part of mediating the antidepressant action of ECS. Taken together, the results of the present study contribute to the basic understanding of the neurogenic effects of ECT, and demonstrate that ECS, neurogenesis and anti-depressant behavior are not directly linked. {\circledC} 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.",
author = "Olesen, {Mikkel Vestergaard} and Gitta W{\"o}rtwein and Jonas Folke and Bente Pakkenberg",
note = "{\circledC} 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.",
year = "2017",
month = "1",
doi = "10.1002/hipo.22670",
language = "English",
volume = "27",
pages = "52--60",
journal = "Hippocampus",
issn = "1050-9631",
publisher = "JohnWiley & Sons, Inc.",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Electroconvulsive stimulation results in long-term survival of newly generated hippocampal neurons in rats

AU - Olesen, Mikkel Vestergaard

AU - Wörtwein, Gitta

AU - Folke, Jonas

AU - Pakkenberg, Bente

N1 - © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

PY - 2017/1

Y1 - 2017/1

N2 - Electroconvulsive stimulation (ECS) is one of the strongest stimulators of hippocampal neurogenesis in rodents that represents a plausible mechanism for the efficacy of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) in major depressive disorder. Using design-based stereological cell counting, we recently documented an initial 2.6-fold increase in neurogenesis following a clinical relevant schedule of ECS, a treatment also rescuing depression-like behavior in rats. However, these results gave no demonstration of the longevity of newly generated neurons. The present study is a direct continuation of the previous work aiming to test the hypothesis that rats subjected to ECS in combination with chronic restraint stress (CRS) display increased formation of new hippocampal neurons, which have a potential for long-term survival. Furthermore, using mediation analysis, we tested if an ECS-induced increase in neurogenesis facilitates the behavioral outcome of the forced swim test (FST), an animal model of depression. The results showed that ECS in conjunction with CRS stimulates hippocampal neurogenesis, and that a significant quantity of the newly formed hippocampal neurons survives up to 12 months. The new BrdU-positive neurons showed time-dependent attrition of ∼40% from day 1 to 3 months, with no further decline between 3 and 12 months. ECS did not affect the number of pre-existing dentate granule neurons or the volume of the dentate granule cell layer, suggesting no damaging effect of the treatment. Finally, we found that, while ECS increases neurogenesis, this formation of new neurons was not associated to ameliorated immobility in the FST. This implies that other ECS-induced effects than neurogenesis must be part of mediating the antidepressant action of ECS. Taken together, the results of the present study contribute to the basic understanding of the neurogenic effects of ECT, and demonstrate that ECS, neurogenesis and anti-depressant behavior are not directly linked. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

AB - Electroconvulsive stimulation (ECS) is one of the strongest stimulators of hippocampal neurogenesis in rodents that represents a plausible mechanism for the efficacy of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) in major depressive disorder. Using design-based stereological cell counting, we recently documented an initial 2.6-fold increase in neurogenesis following a clinical relevant schedule of ECS, a treatment also rescuing depression-like behavior in rats. However, these results gave no demonstration of the longevity of newly generated neurons. The present study is a direct continuation of the previous work aiming to test the hypothesis that rats subjected to ECS in combination with chronic restraint stress (CRS) display increased formation of new hippocampal neurons, which have a potential for long-term survival. Furthermore, using mediation analysis, we tested if an ECS-induced increase in neurogenesis facilitates the behavioral outcome of the forced swim test (FST), an animal model of depression. The results showed that ECS in conjunction with CRS stimulates hippocampal neurogenesis, and that a significant quantity of the newly formed hippocampal neurons survives up to 12 months. The new BrdU-positive neurons showed time-dependent attrition of ∼40% from day 1 to 3 months, with no further decline between 3 and 12 months. ECS did not affect the number of pre-existing dentate granule neurons or the volume of the dentate granule cell layer, suggesting no damaging effect of the treatment. Finally, we found that, while ECS increases neurogenesis, this formation of new neurons was not associated to ameliorated immobility in the FST. This implies that other ECS-induced effects than neurogenesis must be part of mediating the antidepressant action of ECS. Taken together, the results of the present study contribute to the basic understanding of the neurogenic effects of ECT, and demonstrate that ECS, neurogenesis and anti-depressant behavior are not directly linked. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

U2 - 10.1002/hipo.22670

DO - 10.1002/hipo.22670

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 27756104

VL - 27

SP - 52

EP - 60

JO - Hippocampus

JF - Hippocampus

SN - 1050-9631

IS - 1

ER -

ID: 171662154