Indoor particles affect vascular function in the aged: an air filtration-based intervention study

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Standard

Indoor particles affect vascular function in the aged : an air filtration-based intervention study. / Bräuner, Elvira Vaclavik; Forchhammer, Lykke; Møller, Peter; Barregard, Lars; Gunnarsen, Lars; Afshari, Alireza; Wåhlin, Peter; Glasius, Marianne; Dragsted, Lars Ove; Basu, Samar; Raaschou-Nielsen, Ole; Loft, Steffen.

In: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, Vol. 177, No. 4, 2008, p. 419-425.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Harvard

Bräuner, EV, Forchhammer, L, Møller, P, Barregard, L, Gunnarsen, L, Afshari, A, Wåhlin, P, Glasius, M, Dragsted, LO, Basu, S, Raaschou-Nielsen, O & Loft, S 2008, 'Indoor particles affect vascular function in the aged: an air filtration-based intervention study', American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, vol. 177, no. 4, pp. 419-425. https://doi.org/10.1164/rccm.200704-632OC

APA

Bräuner, E. V., Forchhammer, L., Møller, P., Barregard, L., Gunnarsen, L., Afshari, A., ... Loft, S. (2008). Indoor particles affect vascular function in the aged: an air filtration-based intervention study. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, 177(4), 419-425. https://doi.org/10.1164/rccm.200704-632OC

Vancouver

Bräuner EV, Forchhammer L, Møller P, Barregard L, Gunnarsen L, Afshari A et al. Indoor particles affect vascular function in the aged: an air filtration-based intervention study. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine. 2008;177(4):419-425. https://doi.org/10.1164/rccm.200704-632OC

Author

Bräuner, Elvira Vaclavik ; Forchhammer, Lykke ; Møller, Peter ; Barregard, Lars ; Gunnarsen, Lars ; Afshari, Alireza ; Wåhlin, Peter ; Glasius, Marianne ; Dragsted, Lars Ove ; Basu, Samar ; Raaschou-Nielsen, Ole ; Loft, Steffen. / Indoor particles affect vascular function in the aged : an air filtration-based intervention study. In: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine. 2008 ; Vol. 177, No. 4. pp. 419-425.

Bibtex

@article{1de76ca0e93411ddbf70000ea68e967b,
title = "Indoor particles affect vascular function in the aged: an air filtration-based intervention study",
abstract = "RATIONALE: Exposure to particulate matter is associated with risk of cardiovascular events, possibly through endothelial dysfunction, and indoor air may be most important. OBJECTIVES: We investigated effects of controlled exposure to indoor air particles on microvascular function (MVF) as the primary endpoint and biomarkers of inflammation and oxidative stress as secondary endpoints in a healthy elderly population. METHODS: A total of 21 nonsmoking couples participated in a randomized, double-blind, crossover study with two consecutive 48-hour exposures to either particle-filtered or nonfiltered air (2,533-4,058 and 7,718-12,988 particles/cm(3), respectively) in their homes. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: MVF was assessed noninvasively by measuring digital peripheral artery tone after arm ischemia. Secondary endpoints included hemoglobin, red blood cells, platelet count, coagulation factors, P-selectin, plasma amyloid A, C-reactive protein, fibrinogen, IL-6, tumor necrosis factor-alpha, protein oxidation measured as 2-aminoadipic semialdehyde in plasma, urinary 8-iso-prostaglandin F(2alpha), and blood pressure. Indoor air filtration significantly improved MVF by 8.1{\%} (95{\%} confidence interval, 0.4-16.3{\%}), and the particulate matter (diameter < 2.5 mum) mass of the indoor particles was more important than the total number concentration (10-700 nm) for these effects. MVF was significantly associated with personal exposure to iron, potassium, copper, zinc, arsenic, and lead in the fine fraction. After Bonferroni correction, none of the secondary biomarkers changed significantly. CONCLUSIONS: Reduction of particle exposure by filtration of recirculated indoor air for only 48 hours improved MVF in healthy elderly citizens, suggesting that this may be a feasible way of reducing the risk of cardiovascular disease.",
author = "Br{\"a}uner, {Elvira Vaclavik} and Lykke Forchhammer and Peter M{\o}ller and Lars Barregard and Lars Gunnarsen and Alireza Afshari and Peter W{\aa}hlin and Marianne Glasius and Dragsted, {Lars Ove} and Samar Basu and Ole Raaschou-Nielsen and Steffen Loft",
note = "Keywords: Administration, Inhalation; Age Factors; Aged; Air Pollution, Indoor; Atherosclerosis; Confidence Intervals; Cross-Over Studies; Double-Blind Method; Environmental Monitoring; Female; Filtration; Humans; Inflammation Mediators; Inhalation Exposure; Intervention Studies; Male; Micropore Filters; Middle Aged; Nitrogen Dioxide; Oxidative Stress; Particulate Matter; Predictive Value of Tests; Reference Values; Risk Assessment; Sensitivity and Specificity; Sex Factors; Vasculitis",
year = "2008",
doi = "10.1164/rccm.200704-632OC",
language = "English",
volume = "177",
pages = "419--425",
journal = "American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine",
issn = "1073-449X",
publisher = "American Thoracic Society",
number = "4",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Indoor particles affect vascular function in the aged

T2 - an air filtration-based intervention study

AU - Bräuner, Elvira Vaclavik

AU - Forchhammer, Lykke

AU - Møller, Peter

AU - Barregard, Lars

AU - Gunnarsen, Lars

AU - Afshari, Alireza

AU - Wåhlin, Peter

AU - Glasius, Marianne

AU - Dragsted, Lars Ove

AU - Basu, Samar

AU - Raaschou-Nielsen, Ole

AU - Loft, Steffen

N1 - Keywords: Administration, Inhalation; Age Factors; Aged; Air Pollution, Indoor; Atherosclerosis; Confidence Intervals; Cross-Over Studies; Double-Blind Method; Environmental Monitoring; Female; Filtration; Humans; Inflammation Mediators; Inhalation Exposure; Intervention Studies; Male; Micropore Filters; Middle Aged; Nitrogen Dioxide; Oxidative Stress; Particulate Matter; Predictive Value of Tests; Reference Values; Risk Assessment; Sensitivity and Specificity; Sex Factors; Vasculitis

PY - 2008

Y1 - 2008

N2 - RATIONALE: Exposure to particulate matter is associated with risk of cardiovascular events, possibly through endothelial dysfunction, and indoor air may be most important. OBJECTIVES: We investigated effects of controlled exposure to indoor air particles on microvascular function (MVF) as the primary endpoint and biomarkers of inflammation and oxidative stress as secondary endpoints in a healthy elderly population. METHODS: A total of 21 nonsmoking couples participated in a randomized, double-blind, crossover study with two consecutive 48-hour exposures to either particle-filtered or nonfiltered air (2,533-4,058 and 7,718-12,988 particles/cm(3), respectively) in their homes. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: MVF was assessed noninvasively by measuring digital peripheral artery tone after arm ischemia. Secondary endpoints included hemoglobin, red blood cells, platelet count, coagulation factors, P-selectin, plasma amyloid A, C-reactive protein, fibrinogen, IL-6, tumor necrosis factor-alpha, protein oxidation measured as 2-aminoadipic semialdehyde in plasma, urinary 8-iso-prostaglandin F(2alpha), and blood pressure. Indoor air filtration significantly improved MVF by 8.1% (95% confidence interval, 0.4-16.3%), and the particulate matter (diameter < 2.5 mum) mass of the indoor particles was more important than the total number concentration (10-700 nm) for these effects. MVF was significantly associated with personal exposure to iron, potassium, copper, zinc, arsenic, and lead in the fine fraction. After Bonferroni correction, none of the secondary biomarkers changed significantly. CONCLUSIONS: Reduction of particle exposure by filtration of recirculated indoor air for only 48 hours improved MVF in healthy elderly citizens, suggesting that this may be a feasible way of reducing the risk of cardiovascular disease.

AB - RATIONALE: Exposure to particulate matter is associated with risk of cardiovascular events, possibly through endothelial dysfunction, and indoor air may be most important. OBJECTIVES: We investigated effects of controlled exposure to indoor air particles on microvascular function (MVF) as the primary endpoint and biomarkers of inflammation and oxidative stress as secondary endpoints in a healthy elderly population. METHODS: A total of 21 nonsmoking couples participated in a randomized, double-blind, crossover study with two consecutive 48-hour exposures to either particle-filtered or nonfiltered air (2,533-4,058 and 7,718-12,988 particles/cm(3), respectively) in their homes. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: MVF was assessed noninvasively by measuring digital peripheral artery tone after arm ischemia. Secondary endpoints included hemoglobin, red blood cells, platelet count, coagulation factors, P-selectin, plasma amyloid A, C-reactive protein, fibrinogen, IL-6, tumor necrosis factor-alpha, protein oxidation measured as 2-aminoadipic semialdehyde in plasma, urinary 8-iso-prostaglandin F(2alpha), and blood pressure. Indoor air filtration significantly improved MVF by 8.1% (95% confidence interval, 0.4-16.3%), and the particulate matter (diameter < 2.5 mum) mass of the indoor particles was more important than the total number concentration (10-700 nm) for these effects. MVF was significantly associated with personal exposure to iron, potassium, copper, zinc, arsenic, and lead in the fine fraction. After Bonferroni correction, none of the secondary biomarkers changed significantly. CONCLUSIONS: Reduction of particle exposure by filtration of recirculated indoor air for only 48 hours improved MVF in healthy elderly citizens, suggesting that this may be a feasible way of reducing the risk of cardiovascular disease.

U2 - 10.1164/rccm.200704-632OC

DO - 10.1164/rccm.200704-632OC

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 17932377

VL - 177

SP - 419

EP - 425

JO - American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine

JF - American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine

SN - 1073-449X

IS - 4

ER -

ID: 9908975