Long-Term Exposure to Low-Level Arsenic in Drinking Water and Diabetes Incidence: A Prospective Study of the Diet, Cancer and Health Cohort

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Long-Term Exposure to Low-Level Arsenic in Drinking Water and Diabetes Incidence : A Prospective Study of the Diet, Cancer and Health Cohort. / Bräuner, Elvira V; Nordsborg, Rikke B; Andersen, Zorana Jovanovic; Tjønneland, Anne; Loft, Steffen; Raaschou-Nielsen, Ole.

In: Environmental Health Perspectives, Vol. 122, No. 10, 01.2014, p. 1059-1065.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Bräuner, EV, Nordsborg, RB, Andersen, ZJ, Tjønneland, A, Loft, S & Raaschou-Nielsen, O 2014, 'Long-Term Exposure to Low-Level Arsenic in Drinking Water and Diabetes Incidence: A Prospective Study of the Diet, Cancer and Health Cohort', Environmental Health Perspectives, vol. 122, no. 10, pp. 1059-1065. https://doi.org/10.1289/ehp.1408198

APA

Bräuner, E. V., Nordsborg, R. B., Andersen, Z. J., Tjønneland, A., Loft, S., & Raaschou-Nielsen, O. (2014). Long-Term Exposure to Low-Level Arsenic in Drinking Water and Diabetes Incidence: A Prospective Study of the Diet, Cancer and Health Cohort. Environmental Health Perspectives, 122(10), 1059-1065. https://doi.org/10.1289/ehp.1408198

Vancouver

Bräuner EV, Nordsborg RB, Andersen ZJ, Tjønneland A, Loft S, Raaschou-Nielsen O. Long-Term Exposure to Low-Level Arsenic in Drinking Water and Diabetes Incidence: A Prospective Study of the Diet, Cancer and Health Cohort. Environmental Health Perspectives. 2014 Jan;122(10):1059-1065. https://doi.org/10.1289/ehp.1408198

Author

Bräuner, Elvira V ; Nordsborg, Rikke B ; Andersen, Zorana Jovanovic ; Tjønneland, Anne ; Loft, Steffen ; Raaschou-Nielsen, Ole. / Long-Term Exposure to Low-Level Arsenic in Drinking Water and Diabetes Incidence : A Prospective Study of the Diet, Cancer and Health Cohort. In: Environmental Health Perspectives. 2014 ; Vol. 122, No. 10. pp. 1059-1065.

Bibtex

@article{ae4596fbe22b42c986154b1ef777aa36,
title = "Long-Term Exposure to Low-Level Arsenic in Drinking Water and Diabetes Incidence: A Prospective Study of the Diet, Cancer and Health Cohort",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: Established causes of diabetes do not fully explain the epidemic. High level arsenic exposure has been implicated in diabetes risk but the effect of low-level arsenic exposure in drinking water remains unclear.OBJECTIVE: To determine if long-term exposure to low-level arsenic in drinking water in Denmark is associated with increased risk of diabetes using a large prospective cohort.METHODS: During 1993-1997 we recruited 57,053 persons. We followed each cohort member for diabetes occurrence from enrollment until 31 December 2006. We traced and geocoded residential addresses of the cohort members and used a geographic information system to link addresses with water supply areas. We estimated individual exposure to arsenic using all addresses from 1 January 1971 until the censoring date. Cox proportional hazards models were used to model the association between arsenic exposure and diabetes incidence, separately for two definitions of diabetes: all cases and a more strict definition, where cases of diabetes based solely on blood glucose results were excluded.RESULTS: Over a mean follow-up of 9.7 years of 52,931 eligible subjects, there were 4,304 (8.1{\%}) diabetes cases in total, and 3,035 (5.8{\%}) cases of diabetes based on a stricter definition. The adjusted incidence rate ratio's per 1 µg/L increment in arsenic levels in drinking water were (IRR = 1.03; 95{\%} CI: 1.01, 1.06) and (IRR = 1.02; 95{\%} CI: 0.99, 1.05) for all and strict diabetes cases, respectively.CONCLUSIONS: Long-term exposure to low-level arsenic in drinking water may contribute to development of diabetes.",
author = "Br{\"a}uner, {Elvira V} and Nordsborg, {Rikke B} and Andersen, {Zorana Jovanovic} and Anne Tj{\o}nneland and Steffen Loft and Ole Raaschou-Nielsen",
year = "2014",
month = "1",
doi = "10.1289/ehp.1408198",
language = "English",
volume = "122",
pages = "1059--1065",
journal = "Environmental Health Perspectives",
issn = "0091-6765",
publisher = "National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences",
number = "10",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Long-Term Exposure to Low-Level Arsenic in Drinking Water and Diabetes Incidence

T2 - A Prospective Study of the Diet, Cancer and Health Cohort

AU - Bräuner, Elvira V

AU - Nordsborg, Rikke B

AU - Andersen, Zorana Jovanovic

AU - Tjønneland, Anne

AU - Loft, Steffen

AU - Raaschou-Nielsen, Ole

PY - 2014/1

Y1 - 2014/1

N2 - BACKGROUND: Established causes of diabetes do not fully explain the epidemic. High level arsenic exposure has been implicated in diabetes risk but the effect of low-level arsenic exposure in drinking water remains unclear.OBJECTIVE: To determine if long-term exposure to low-level arsenic in drinking water in Denmark is associated with increased risk of diabetes using a large prospective cohort.METHODS: During 1993-1997 we recruited 57,053 persons. We followed each cohort member for diabetes occurrence from enrollment until 31 December 2006. We traced and geocoded residential addresses of the cohort members and used a geographic information system to link addresses with water supply areas. We estimated individual exposure to arsenic using all addresses from 1 January 1971 until the censoring date. Cox proportional hazards models were used to model the association between arsenic exposure and diabetes incidence, separately for two definitions of diabetes: all cases and a more strict definition, where cases of diabetes based solely on blood glucose results were excluded.RESULTS: Over a mean follow-up of 9.7 years of 52,931 eligible subjects, there were 4,304 (8.1%) diabetes cases in total, and 3,035 (5.8%) cases of diabetes based on a stricter definition. The adjusted incidence rate ratio's per 1 µg/L increment in arsenic levels in drinking water were (IRR = 1.03; 95% CI: 1.01, 1.06) and (IRR = 1.02; 95% CI: 0.99, 1.05) for all and strict diabetes cases, respectively.CONCLUSIONS: Long-term exposure to low-level arsenic in drinking water may contribute to development of diabetes.

AB - BACKGROUND: Established causes of diabetes do not fully explain the epidemic. High level arsenic exposure has been implicated in diabetes risk but the effect of low-level arsenic exposure in drinking water remains unclear.OBJECTIVE: To determine if long-term exposure to low-level arsenic in drinking water in Denmark is associated with increased risk of diabetes using a large prospective cohort.METHODS: During 1993-1997 we recruited 57,053 persons. We followed each cohort member for diabetes occurrence from enrollment until 31 December 2006. We traced and geocoded residential addresses of the cohort members and used a geographic information system to link addresses with water supply areas. We estimated individual exposure to arsenic using all addresses from 1 January 1971 until the censoring date. Cox proportional hazards models were used to model the association between arsenic exposure and diabetes incidence, separately for two definitions of diabetes: all cases and a more strict definition, where cases of diabetes based solely on blood glucose results were excluded.RESULTS: Over a mean follow-up of 9.7 years of 52,931 eligible subjects, there were 4,304 (8.1%) diabetes cases in total, and 3,035 (5.8%) cases of diabetes based on a stricter definition. The adjusted incidence rate ratio's per 1 µg/L increment in arsenic levels in drinking water were (IRR = 1.03; 95% CI: 1.01, 1.06) and (IRR = 1.02; 95% CI: 0.99, 1.05) for all and strict diabetes cases, respectively.CONCLUSIONS: Long-term exposure to low-level arsenic in drinking water may contribute to development of diabetes.

U2 - 10.1289/ehp.1408198

DO - 10.1289/ehp.1408198

M3 - Journal article

VL - 122

SP - 1059

EP - 1065

JO - Environmental Health Perspectives

JF - Environmental Health Perspectives

SN - 0091-6765

IS - 10

ER -

ID: 117030383