Physical Activity, Air Pollution, and the Risk of Asthma and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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Physical Activity, Air Pollution, and the Risk of Asthma and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. / Fisher, Jack E.; Loft, Steffen; Ulrik, Charlotte S.; Raaschou-Nielsen, Ole; Hertel, Ole; Tjønneland, Anne; Overvad, Kim; Nieuwenhuijsen, Mark J; Andersen, Zorana J.

In: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, Vol. 194, No. 7, 01.10.2016, p. 855-865.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Fisher, JE, Loft, S, Ulrik, CS, Raaschou-Nielsen, O, Hertel, O, Tjønneland, A, Overvad, K, Nieuwenhuijsen, MJ & Andersen, ZJ 2016, 'Physical Activity, Air Pollution, and the Risk of Asthma and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease', American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, vol. 194, no. 7, pp. 855-865. https://doi.org/10.1164/rccm.201510-2036OC

APA

Fisher, J. E., Loft, S., Ulrik, C. S., Raaschou-Nielsen, O., Hertel, O., Tjønneland, A., ... Andersen, Z. J. (2016). Physical Activity, Air Pollution, and the Risk of Asthma and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, 194(7), 855-865. https://doi.org/10.1164/rccm.201510-2036OC

Vancouver

Fisher JE, Loft S, Ulrik CS, Raaschou-Nielsen O, Hertel O, Tjønneland A et al. Physical Activity, Air Pollution, and the Risk of Asthma and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine. 2016 Oct 1;194(7):855-865. https://doi.org/10.1164/rccm.201510-2036OC

Author

Fisher, Jack E. ; Loft, Steffen ; Ulrik, Charlotte S. ; Raaschou-Nielsen, Ole ; Hertel, Ole ; Tjønneland, Anne ; Overvad, Kim ; Nieuwenhuijsen, Mark J ; Andersen, Zorana J. / Physical Activity, Air Pollution, and the Risk of Asthma and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. In: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine. 2016 ; Vol. 194, No. 7. pp. 855-865.

Bibtex

@article{b4af723840df468abf6265f023b733f1,
title = "Physical Activity, Air Pollution, and the Risk of Asthma and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease",
abstract = "RATIONALE: Physical activity enhances uptake of air pollutants in the lung, possibly augmenting their harmful effects on chronic lung disease during exercise.OBJECTIVES: To examine whether benefits of physical activity with respect to the risk of asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are moderated by exposure to high air pollution levels in an urban setting.METHODS: A total of 53,113 subjects (50-65 yr) from the Danish Diet, Cancer, and Health cohort reported physical activity at recruitment (1993-1997) and were followed until 2013 in the National Patient Register for incident hospitalizations for asthma and COPD. Levels of nitrogen dioxide (NO2) were estimated at subject residences at the time of recruitment. We used Cox regression to associate physical activities and NO2 (high/medium/low) with asthma and COPD, and then introduced an interaction term between each physical activity and NO2.MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: A total of 1,151 subjects were hospitalized for asthma and 3,225 for COPD during 16 years. We found inverse associations of participation in sports (hazard ratio [95{\%} confidence interval]: 0.85 [0.75-0.96]) and cycling (0.85 [0.75-0.96]) with incident asthma, and of participation in sports (0.82 [0.77-0.89]), cycling (0.81 [0.76-0.87]), gardening (0.88 [0.81-0.94]), and walking (0.85 [0.75-0.95]) with incident COPD admissions. We found positive associations between NO2 and incident asthma (1.23 [1.04-1.47]) and COPD (1.15 [1.03-1.27]) hospitalizations (comparing ≥21.0 μg/m(3) to <14.3 μg/m(3)). We found no interaction between associations of any physical activity and NO2 on incident asthma or COPD hospitalizations.CONCLUSIONS: Increased exposure to air pollution during exercise does not outweigh beneficial effects of physical activity on the risk of asthma and COPD.",
author = "Fisher, {Jack E.} and Steffen Loft and Ulrik, {Charlotte S.} and Ole Raaschou-Nielsen and Ole Hertel and Anne Tj{\o}nneland and Kim Overvad and Nieuwenhuijsen, {Mark J} and Andersen, {Zorana J.}",
year = "2016",
month = "10",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1164/rccm.201510-2036OC",
language = "English",
volume = "194",
pages = "855--865",
journal = "American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine",
issn = "1073-449X",
publisher = "American Thoracic Society",
number = "7",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Physical Activity, Air Pollution, and the Risk of Asthma and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

AU - Fisher, Jack E.

AU - Loft, Steffen

AU - Ulrik, Charlotte S.

AU - Raaschou-Nielsen, Ole

AU - Hertel, Ole

AU - Tjønneland, Anne

AU - Overvad, Kim

AU - Nieuwenhuijsen, Mark J

AU - Andersen, Zorana J.

PY - 2016/10/1

Y1 - 2016/10/1

N2 - RATIONALE: Physical activity enhances uptake of air pollutants in the lung, possibly augmenting their harmful effects on chronic lung disease during exercise.OBJECTIVES: To examine whether benefits of physical activity with respect to the risk of asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are moderated by exposure to high air pollution levels in an urban setting.METHODS: A total of 53,113 subjects (50-65 yr) from the Danish Diet, Cancer, and Health cohort reported physical activity at recruitment (1993-1997) and were followed until 2013 in the National Patient Register for incident hospitalizations for asthma and COPD. Levels of nitrogen dioxide (NO2) were estimated at subject residences at the time of recruitment. We used Cox regression to associate physical activities and NO2 (high/medium/low) with asthma and COPD, and then introduced an interaction term between each physical activity and NO2.MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: A total of 1,151 subjects were hospitalized for asthma and 3,225 for COPD during 16 years. We found inverse associations of participation in sports (hazard ratio [95% confidence interval]: 0.85 [0.75-0.96]) and cycling (0.85 [0.75-0.96]) with incident asthma, and of participation in sports (0.82 [0.77-0.89]), cycling (0.81 [0.76-0.87]), gardening (0.88 [0.81-0.94]), and walking (0.85 [0.75-0.95]) with incident COPD admissions. We found positive associations between NO2 and incident asthma (1.23 [1.04-1.47]) and COPD (1.15 [1.03-1.27]) hospitalizations (comparing ≥21.0 μg/m(3) to <14.3 μg/m(3)). We found no interaction between associations of any physical activity and NO2 on incident asthma or COPD hospitalizations.CONCLUSIONS: Increased exposure to air pollution during exercise does not outweigh beneficial effects of physical activity on the risk of asthma and COPD.

AB - RATIONALE: Physical activity enhances uptake of air pollutants in the lung, possibly augmenting their harmful effects on chronic lung disease during exercise.OBJECTIVES: To examine whether benefits of physical activity with respect to the risk of asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are moderated by exposure to high air pollution levels in an urban setting.METHODS: A total of 53,113 subjects (50-65 yr) from the Danish Diet, Cancer, and Health cohort reported physical activity at recruitment (1993-1997) and were followed until 2013 in the National Patient Register for incident hospitalizations for asthma and COPD. Levels of nitrogen dioxide (NO2) were estimated at subject residences at the time of recruitment. We used Cox regression to associate physical activities and NO2 (high/medium/low) with asthma and COPD, and then introduced an interaction term between each physical activity and NO2.MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: A total of 1,151 subjects were hospitalized for asthma and 3,225 for COPD during 16 years. We found inverse associations of participation in sports (hazard ratio [95% confidence interval]: 0.85 [0.75-0.96]) and cycling (0.85 [0.75-0.96]) with incident asthma, and of participation in sports (0.82 [0.77-0.89]), cycling (0.81 [0.76-0.87]), gardening (0.88 [0.81-0.94]), and walking (0.85 [0.75-0.95]) with incident COPD admissions. We found positive associations between NO2 and incident asthma (1.23 [1.04-1.47]) and COPD (1.15 [1.03-1.27]) hospitalizations (comparing ≥21.0 μg/m(3) to <14.3 μg/m(3)). We found no interaction between associations of any physical activity and NO2 on incident asthma or COPD hospitalizations.CONCLUSIONS: Increased exposure to air pollution during exercise does not outweigh beneficial effects of physical activity on the risk of asthma and COPD.

U2 - 10.1164/rccm.201510-2036OC

DO - 10.1164/rccm.201510-2036OC

M3 - Journal article

VL - 194

SP - 855

EP - 865

JO - American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine

JF - American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine

SN - 1073-449X

IS - 7

ER -

ID: 166501929