Retrospectively assessed physical work environment during working life and risk of sickness absence and labour market exit among older workers

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Standard

Retrospectively assessed physical work environment during working life and risk of sickness absence and labour market exit among older workers. / Sundstrup, Emil; Hansen, Åse Marie; Mortensen, Erik Lykke; Poulsen, Otto Melchior; Clausen, Thomas; Rugulies, Reiner; Møller, Anne; Andersen, Lars L.

In: Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Vol. 75, No. 2, 2018, p. 114-123.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Harvard

Sundstrup, E, Hansen, ÅM, Mortensen, EL, Poulsen, OM, Clausen, T, Rugulies, R, Møller, A & Andersen, LL 2018, 'Retrospectively assessed physical work environment during working life and risk of sickness absence and labour market exit among older workers', Occupational and Environmental Medicine, vol. 75, no. 2, pp. 114-123. https://doi.org/10.1136/oemed-2016-104279

APA

Sundstrup, E., Hansen, Å. M., Mortensen, E. L., Poulsen, O. M., Clausen, T., Rugulies, R., ... Andersen, L. L. (2018). Retrospectively assessed physical work environment during working life and risk of sickness absence and labour market exit among older workers. Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 75(2), 114-123. https://doi.org/10.1136/oemed-2016-104279

Vancouver

Sundstrup E, Hansen ÅM, Mortensen EL, Poulsen OM, Clausen T, Rugulies R et al. Retrospectively assessed physical work environment during working life and risk of sickness absence and labour market exit among older workers. Occupational and Environmental Medicine. 2018;75(2):114-123. https://doi.org/10.1136/oemed-2016-104279

Author

Sundstrup, Emil ; Hansen, Åse Marie ; Mortensen, Erik Lykke ; Poulsen, Otto Melchior ; Clausen, Thomas ; Rugulies, Reiner ; Møller, Anne ; Andersen, Lars L. / Retrospectively assessed physical work environment during working life and risk of sickness absence and labour market exit among older workers. In: Occupational and Environmental Medicine. 2018 ; Vol. 75, No. 2. pp. 114-123.

Bibtex

@article{c060a6c182bc4531977959d8f931e3c3,
title = "Retrospectively assessed physical work environment during working life and risk of sickness absence and labour market exit among older workers",
abstract = "OBJECTIVE: To determine the prospective association between retrospectively assessed physical work environment during working life and prospectively assessed sickness absence and labour market exit among older workers.METHODS: Using Cox regression analyses we estimated the 4-year to 6-year prospective risk of register-based long-term sickness absence (LTSA), disability pension, early retirement and unemployment from exposure to different physical work environmental factors during working life among 5076 older workers (age 49-63 at baseline) from the Copenhagen Aging and Midlife Biobank cohort.RESULTS: Very hard physical work throughout working life was a risk factor for LTSA (HR 1.66,95{\%} CI 1.32 to 2.07), disability pension (HR 2.21,95{\%} CI 1.04 to 4.72) and early retirement (HR 1.57,95{\%} CI 1.13 to 2.17). Both short-term (<10 years) and long-term (≥20 years) exposures to lifting or carrying of heavy burdens predicted the risk of LTSA (HRs 1.49-1.56) and disability pension (HRs 2.26-3.29). In contrast, exposure to dust was associated with LTSA and disability pension only following 20 or more exposure years.CONCLUSIONS: Retrospectively assessed hard physical work during working life and exposure to several factors in the physical work environment, especially heavy lifting, were important for labour market exit and sickness absence. This study underscores the importance of reducing physical work exposures throughout the working life course for preventing sickness absence and premature exit from the labour market.",
keywords = "Journal Article",
author = "Emil Sundstrup and Hansen, {{\AA}se Marie} and Mortensen, {Erik Lykke} and Poulsen, {Otto Melchior} and Thomas Clausen and Reiner Rugulies and Anne M{\o}ller and Andersen, {Lars L}",
note = "{\circledC} Article author(s) (or their employer(s) unless otherwise stated in the text of the article) 2017. All rights reserved. No commercial use is permitted unless otherwise expressly granted.",
year = "2018",
doi = "10.1136/oemed-2016-104279",
language = "English",
volume = "75",
pages = "114--123",
journal = "Occupational and Environmental Medicine",
issn = "1351-0711",
publisher = "B M J Group",
number = "2",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Retrospectively assessed physical work environment during working life and risk of sickness absence and labour market exit among older workers

AU - Sundstrup, Emil

AU - Hansen, Åse Marie

AU - Mortensen, Erik Lykke

AU - Poulsen, Otto Melchior

AU - Clausen, Thomas

AU - Rugulies, Reiner

AU - Møller, Anne

AU - Andersen, Lars L

N1 - © Article author(s) (or their employer(s) unless otherwise stated in the text of the article) 2017. All rights reserved. No commercial use is permitted unless otherwise expressly granted.

PY - 2018

Y1 - 2018

N2 - OBJECTIVE: To determine the prospective association between retrospectively assessed physical work environment during working life and prospectively assessed sickness absence and labour market exit among older workers.METHODS: Using Cox regression analyses we estimated the 4-year to 6-year prospective risk of register-based long-term sickness absence (LTSA), disability pension, early retirement and unemployment from exposure to different physical work environmental factors during working life among 5076 older workers (age 49-63 at baseline) from the Copenhagen Aging and Midlife Biobank cohort.RESULTS: Very hard physical work throughout working life was a risk factor for LTSA (HR 1.66,95% CI 1.32 to 2.07), disability pension (HR 2.21,95% CI 1.04 to 4.72) and early retirement (HR 1.57,95% CI 1.13 to 2.17). Both short-term (<10 years) and long-term (≥20 years) exposures to lifting or carrying of heavy burdens predicted the risk of LTSA (HRs 1.49-1.56) and disability pension (HRs 2.26-3.29). In contrast, exposure to dust was associated with LTSA and disability pension only following 20 or more exposure years.CONCLUSIONS: Retrospectively assessed hard physical work during working life and exposure to several factors in the physical work environment, especially heavy lifting, were important for labour market exit and sickness absence. This study underscores the importance of reducing physical work exposures throughout the working life course for preventing sickness absence and premature exit from the labour market.

AB - OBJECTIVE: To determine the prospective association between retrospectively assessed physical work environment during working life and prospectively assessed sickness absence and labour market exit among older workers.METHODS: Using Cox regression analyses we estimated the 4-year to 6-year prospective risk of register-based long-term sickness absence (LTSA), disability pension, early retirement and unemployment from exposure to different physical work environmental factors during working life among 5076 older workers (age 49-63 at baseline) from the Copenhagen Aging and Midlife Biobank cohort.RESULTS: Very hard physical work throughout working life was a risk factor for LTSA (HR 1.66,95% CI 1.32 to 2.07), disability pension (HR 2.21,95% CI 1.04 to 4.72) and early retirement (HR 1.57,95% CI 1.13 to 2.17). Both short-term (<10 years) and long-term (≥20 years) exposures to lifting or carrying of heavy burdens predicted the risk of LTSA (HRs 1.49-1.56) and disability pension (HRs 2.26-3.29). In contrast, exposure to dust was associated with LTSA and disability pension only following 20 or more exposure years.CONCLUSIONS: Retrospectively assessed hard physical work during working life and exposure to several factors in the physical work environment, especially heavy lifting, were important for labour market exit and sickness absence. This study underscores the importance of reducing physical work exposures throughout the working life course for preventing sickness absence and premature exit from the labour market.

KW - Journal Article

U2 - 10.1136/oemed-2016-104279

DO - 10.1136/oemed-2016-104279

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 28819019

VL - 75

SP - 114

EP - 123

JO - Occupational and Environmental Medicine

JF - Occupational and Environmental Medicine

SN - 1351-0711

IS - 2

ER -

ID: 183246517