The Mediating Effects of Perceived Family Support in the Relationship Between Anxiety and Problematic Smartphone Use: A Cross-Cultural Validation

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  • Jiang Long
  • Yueheng Liu
  • Yingying Wang
  • Aurore Pottié
  • Aurélien Cornil
  • Jory Deleuze
  • Qiuxia Wu
  • Shubao Chen
  • Yuejiao Ma
  • Qianjin Wang
  • Yuzhu Hao
  • Jing Lu
  • Ilinca-Gabriela Radu
  • Tieqiao Liu
  • Joël Billieux

Problematic smartphone use (PSU) is frequently considered a public health issue, especially in East Asia and Europe. Yet, there is a paucity of research focusing on cultural and familial determinants of PSU. This cross-cultural study aimed to investigate smartphone usage patterns and possible mediating effects of perceived family support (PFS) from a stress-coping perspective. Convenience samples of 790 Chinese and 439 Belgian undergraduates completed an online survey that focused on sociodemographics and psychological variables ( i.e. , anxiety, depression, PFS, and PSU). In both samples, PSU was positively associated with anxiety and depression, and negatively associated with PFS. However, after controlling for sex and age in structural equation models, the consistent mediating effects of PFS were only found between anxiety and PSU in both cultural settings. These findings suggest that psychological interventions that take into account familial factors could be helpful for young people presenting with anxiety and PSU.

Original languageEnglish
JournalThe Journal of nervous and mental disease
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)76-83
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - 2024

Bibliographical note

Copyright © 2023 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.

    Research areas

  • Humans, Adolescent, Smartphone, Family Support, Cross-Cultural Comparison, Behavior, Addictive/psychology, Anxiety

ID: 382148266