Paracetamol-induced spindle disturbances in V79 cells with and without expression of human CYP1A2

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Paracetamol-induced spindle disturbances in V79 cells with and without expression of human CYP1A2. / Jensen, K G; Poulsen, H E; Doehmer, J; Loft, S.

In: Pharmacology & Toxicology, Vol. 78, No. 4, 04.1996, p. 224-8.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Jensen, KG, Poulsen, HE, Doehmer, J & Loft, S 1996, 'Paracetamol-induced spindle disturbances in V79 cells with and without expression of human CYP1A2', Pharmacology & Toxicology, vol. 78, no. 4, pp. 224-8.

APA

Jensen, K. G., Poulsen, H. E., Doehmer, J., & Loft, S. (1996). Paracetamol-induced spindle disturbances in V79 cells with and without expression of human CYP1A2. Pharmacology & Toxicology, 78(4), 224-8.

Vancouver

Jensen KG, Poulsen HE, Doehmer J, Loft S. Paracetamol-induced spindle disturbances in V79 cells with and without expression of human CYP1A2. Pharmacology & Toxicology. 1996 Apr;78(4):224-8.

Author

Jensen, K G ; Poulsen, H E ; Doehmer, J ; Loft, S. / Paracetamol-induced spindle disturbances in V79 cells with and without expression of human CYP1A2. In: Pharmacology & Toxicology. 1996 ; Vol. 78, No. 4. pp. 224-8.

Bibtex

@article{8c9579dfe35b4bd6bd0b42af370377cb,
title = "Paracetamol-induced spindle disturbances in V79 cells with and without expression of human CYP1A2",
abstract = "Spindle disturbing effects in terms of c-mitosis and cytotoxicity of paracetamol were investigated in two Chinese hamster V79 cell lines, one of which (V79MZh1A2) was transfected with human CYP1A2. This enzyme catalyses the oxidative formation of the reactive paracetamol metabolite, NAPQI, believed to initiate hepatoxicity by covalent binding to proteins after overdose. In the native V79 cell line paracetamol increased c-mitosis frequency in a concentration dependent manner from 8.7 + or - 3.5{\%} (control) to 66 + or - 18{\%} at 20 mM. A significant increase to 13.3 + or - 3.5{\%} was first seen at 2.5 mM in the native cell line (P<0.05). In the V79MZh1A2 cells the concentration-effect curve was slightly shifted to the left (P<0.05) with c-mitosis frequency increased to 12.1 + or - 2.6{\%} (P<0.05) at 1 mM paracetamol. At 5 mM paracetamol the c-mitosis frequency was 14.4 + or - 5.0{\%} and 19.0 + or - 3.8{\%} in the native and CYP1A2 expressing cell lines, respectively (P<0.05). At 20 mM paracetamol the c-mitosis frequency was 61 + or - 10{\%} in the V79MZh1A2 cells. Cell survival was reduced to approximately 50{\%} at 5-10 mM paracetamol in both cell lines. At 20 mM paracetamol survival was further decreased to 39 + or - 9{\%} in V79MZh1A2 cells only (P<0.05). The present study demonstrated that paracetamol may disturb the spindle of dividing cells conveying a risk of aneuploidy. The spindle disturbing effect was only slightly enhanced by expression of CYP1A2, suggesting that metabolic activation plays only a minor role in this genotoxic effect. The reduction of survival mirrored the increase in c-mitosis frequency.",
keywords = "Acetaminophen, Analgesics, Non-Narcotic, Animals, Cell Line, Cell Survival, Cricetinae, Cricetulus, Cytochrome P-450 CYP1A2, Humans, Mitosis, Mutagens, Spindle Apparatus",
author = "Jensen, {K G} and Poulsen, {H E} and J Doehmer and S Loft",
year = "1996",
month = "4",
language = "English",
volume = "78",
pages = "224--8",
journal = "Pharmacology and Toxicology",
issn = "0901-9928",
publisher = "Munksgaard",
number = "4",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Paracetamol-induced spindle disturbances in V79 cells with and without expression of human CYP1A2

AU - Jensen, K G

AU - Poulsen, H E

AU - Doehmer, J

AU - Loft, S

PY - 1996/4

Y1 - 1996/4

N2 - Spindle disturbing effects in terms of c-mitosis and cytotoxicity of paracetamol were investigated in two Chinese hamster V79 cell lines, one of which (V79MZh1A2) was transfected with human CYP1A2. This enzyme catalyses the oxidative formation of the reactive paracetamol metabolite, NAPQI, believed to initiate hepatoxicity by covalent binding to proteins after overdose. In the native V79 cell line paracetamol increased c-mitosis frequency in a concentration dependent manner from 8.7 + or - 3.5% (control) to 66 + or - 18% at 20 mM. A significant increase to 13.3 + or - 3.5% was first seen at 2.5 mM in the native cell line (P<0.05). In the V79MZh1A2 cells the concentration-effect curve was slightly shifted to the left (P<0.05) with c-mitosis frequency increased to 12.1 + or - 2.6% (P<0.05) at 1 mM paracetamol. At 5 mM paracetamol the c-mitosis frequency was 14.4 + or - 5.0% and 19.0 + or - 3.8% in the native and CYP1A2 expressing cell lines, respectively (P<0.05). At 20 mM paracetamol the c-mitosis frequency was 61 + or - 10% in the V79MZh1A2 cells. Cell survival was reduced to approximately 50% at 5-10 mM paracetamol in both cell lines. At 20 mM paracetamol survival was further decreased to 39 + or - 9% in V79MZh1A2 cells only (P<0.05). The present study demonstrated that paracetamol may disturb the spindle of dividing cells conveying a risk of aneuploidy. The spindle disturbing effect was only slightly enhanced by expression of CYP1A2, suggesting that metabolic activation plays only a minor role in this genotoxic effect. The reduction of survival mirrored the increase in c-mitosis frequency.

AB - Spindle disturbing effects in terms of c-mitosis and cytotoxicity of paracetamol were investigated in two Chinese hamster V79 cell lines, one of which (V79MZh1A2) was transfected with human CYP1A2. This enzyme catalyses the oxidative formation of the reactive paracetamol metabolite, NAPQI, believed to initiate hepatoxicity by covalent binding to proteins after overdose. In the native V79 cell line paracetamol increased c-mitosis frequency in a concentration dependent manner from 8.7 + or - 3.5% (control) to 66 + or - 18% at 20 mM. A significant increase to 13.3 + or - 3.5% was first seen at 2.5 mM in the native cell line (P<0.05). In the V79MZh1A2 cells the concentration-effect curve was slightly shifted to the left (P<0.05) with c-mitosis frequency increased to 12.1 + or - 2.6% (P<0.05) at 1 mM paracetamol. At 5 mM paracetamol the c-mitosis frequency was 14.4 + or - 5.0% and 19.0 + or - 3.8% in the native and CYP1A2 expressing cell lines, respectively (P<0.05). At 20 mM paracetamol the c-mitosis frequency was 61 + or - 10% in the V79MZh1A2 cells. Cell survival was reduced to approximately 50% at 5-10 mM paracetamol in both cell lines. At 20 mM paracetamol survival was further decreased to 39 + or - 9% in V79MZh1A2 cells only (P<0.05). The present study demonstrated that paracetamol may disturb the spindle of dividing cells conveying a risk of aneuploidy. The spindle disturbing effect was only slightly enhanced by expression of CYP1A2, suggesting that metabolic activation plays only a minor role in this genotoxic effect. The reduction of survival mirrored the increase in c-mitosis frequency.

KW - Acetaminophen

KW - Analgesics, Non-Narcotic

KW - Animals

KW - Cell Line

KW - Cell Survival

KW - Cricetinae

KW - Cricetulus

KW - Cytochrome P-450 CYP1A2

KW - Humans

KW - Mitosis

KW - Mutagens

KW - Spindle Apparatus

M3 - Journal article

VL - 78

SP - 224

EP - 228

JO - Pharmacology and Toxicology

JF - Pharmacology and Toxicology

SN - 0901-9928

IS - 4

ER -

ID: 156510411